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快板书 Kuaibanshu

http://www.chinesecio.com 2011年03月11日 11:29 网络孔子学院

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中国曲艺 曲种 。快板书由数来宝演变 而成。因沿用 数来宝的击节乐器 ——两块大竹板儿(大板儿)和五块小竹板儿(节子板儿)而得名。大小竹板儿合称为“七块板儿”。
Kuaibanshu is a kind of folk art originating from Shu Lai Bao, and is so named because it has inherited the percussion instruments of Shu Lai Bao, namely two big bamboo clappers (big clappers) and five small bamboo clappers (rhythm clappers). The big clappers and the smaller clappers are collectively referred to as “the seven clappers”.

快板书引人入胜的故事 、击节铿锵的演唱、火爆抓人的艺术效果,都给观众们留下了深刻的印象 。快板书如此好听好看,从“开山”到现在只有几十年的历史。而且,它绝对是天津“本地制造”。
The audience is often impressed by the absorbing plots, sonorous voices and attractive artistic effect of Kuaiban. Though Kuaiban has been performed for just a few decades since it was invented, it has achieved marvelous visual and audio effects, and it’s “a local art form” in Tianjin.

快板书融合 相声 评书 的艺术手段,丰富了数来宝原有的句式和板式,加强了表现力,50年代后风靡一时 。它突破了数来宝三、三、七的句式,在七言对偶的基本句式之外,增添了单字垛、双字垛、三字头、四字联、五字垛等句式,以及重叠、连叠句的长句式。为了提高 艺术格调,避免传统数来宝的“江湖气”,又借鉴了竹板书、西河大鼓的演唱艺术,革新口风语气和表情动作,增强了刻画人物、描述情景的艺术表现力。
Incorporating the artistic techniques of crosstalk and Chinese storytelling, Kuaiban has enriched the original syntactical structure and clapper movements of Shu Lai Bao, with expressive force, and as such, has enjoyed huge popularity after the 1950s. Unrestricted by the traditional three-three-seven syntactical structure of Shu Lai Bao, Kuaiban has added to the basic structure of seven-character dual other structures like Danziduo, Shuangziduo, Sanzitou, Sizilian and Wuziduo, as well as long structures like overlapping and continuous overlapping. Some performing techniques of Zhuban and Xihe Dagu were also introduced to renovate the tones, expressions and movements, and strengthen its expressive force in characterization and description, in an effort to improve its artistic grade and avoid the traditional “worldly taste” of Shu Lai Bao.

快板书的代表曲目 有《千锤百炼》、《劫刑车》、《巧劫狱》、《熔炉炼金刚》和《三打白骨精》、《火焰山》等。
Representative works of Kuaiban include Qian Chui Bai Lian, Jie Xing Che, Qiao Jie Yu, Rong Lu Lian Jin Gang, San Da Bai Gu Jing and Huo Yan Shan.

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