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东北二人转 Northeast Errenzhuan

http://www.chinesecio.com 2010年12月09日 10:18 网络孔子学院

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二人转也叫“蹦蹦”,产生并盛行 于东北的辽宁、吉林、黑龙江三省,受到东北群众、特别是农民的喜爱。它是一种有说有唱、载歌载舞、生动活泼的走唱类曲艺 形式,迄今大约已有二百年的历史。它的唱本语言通俗易懂,幽默风趣,生活气息浓厚、富有地方特色。它的音乐唱腔 高亢火爆,亲切动听。它的舞蹈 来自东北大秧歌,并吸收了民间舞蹈及武打 成份,以及耍扇子 、耍手绢等技巧 。用东北人的俏皮话说:二人转是“秧歌打底,莲花落镶边”。莲花落亦称“落子”,是北方的一种民间说唱艺术 ,且歌且舞。
Northeast Errenzhuan is a form of duet, also known as Bengbeng. It originated in Northeast China's Liaoning, Jilin and Heilongiiang provinces. It is a form of Quyi that involves storytelling, singing and dancing, between two performers. Bengbeng has a history of 200 years and its script is written in popular language that is easy to understand, humorous, and rich in local life style and flavor. The vocal music is based on that of the northeastern folk songs. The singing is high-spirited and of an explosive type, sincere and moving. The dancing is derived from farmers' dances done to celebrate sowing and planting. It also features the folk dance technique of waving fans or silk handkerchiefs.

二人转的表演 手段大致可分为三种。一种是二人化装成一丑一旦的对唱形式,边说边唱,边唱边舞,这是名副其实的“二人转”;一种是一人且唱且舞,称为单出头;一种是演员 以各种角色 出现在舞台上唱戏 ,这种形式称“拉场戏”。
There are three kinds of Errenzhuan. The most important is the duet sung by a clown and a player who acts the role of a woman. It is a combination of singing, dancing and storytelling. The most prominent items include The Western Bower and The Blue Bridge. The second type is a solo, in which the player sings and dances, such as Hong Yue'e Had a Dream. In the third type the actor sings the part of a woman or an old man, as in an opera. This is called Lachangxi. An example is Lord Bao Gong Makes an Apology.

二人转的传统 曲目大约有三百多个,近几十年来,又有大批的新创作曲目,如《丰收桥》、《接姑娘》、《柳春桃》等,深受欢迎。
After the founding of new China, the government greatly supported this traditional Quyi genre, organizing old artists to impart performing techniques several times, and launching reforms on some items and performance forms of Errenzhuan and removing some vulgar elements. Errenzhuan has been listed as a folk art protected by the state.

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