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天津时调 Tianjin Shidiao

http://www.chinesecio.com 2010年10月29日 11:02 网络孔子学院

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天津时调 ,是天津曲艺 中最有代表性的曲种 之一,它用天津地方语的字音演唱 ,内容通俗 易懂,具有浓郁 的天津乡土气息。清末民初以来,主要在天津的船夫、搬运工人、手工业者、人力车夫等底层民众中传唱 。天津时调起源于明、清以来的时调小曲,和很多地区的民间小调也有密切关系,有来自于 手工业者自编自唱的“靠山调”,有来自于青楼妓院的“鸳鸯调”,有人力车夫们哼唱的“胶皮调”,还有来自民间生活的“拉哈调”等。
Tianjin Shidiao is a unique local art genre in Tianjin and has been popular in the lowest social stratum of the city since the late Ming Dynasty and early Republic (early 20thcentury). At that time, Tianjin Shidiao was mainly sung by boatmen, porters and jinrick-shaw drivers. It was originated from Shidiao Xiaoqu of the Ming and Qing dynasties and also had close relation with many folk tunes in other places.

唱词 句式有以七字句为主的。天津时调的传统 曲目反映了天津人民的生活风貌 ,最初只是人们劳动之余的演唱活动,20世纪20年代以后,有了职业歌手,开始演唱一些反映时事的曲目。
The majority of Tianjin Shidiao are sung by one performer, major accompanying instruments are Dasanxian(a three-stringed instrument), Sihu(traditional Chinese four-stringed fiddle) and Jieziban(plates that can beat time) and lyrics are mainly seven-character lines. The art is performed in Tianjin dialect and is full of local flavor. Traditional items of Tianjin Shidiao reflect daily life of Tianjin people and most of them are short in length. At the first beginning, Tianjin Shidiao was performing activity of people after laboring. After the 1920s, professional performers came into being and they often sang items that reflect current affairs.

中华人民共和国成立后,天津演员 王毓宝与弦师祁凤鸣等人一起对“靠山调”进行了艺术 革新,丰富了唱腔 旋律,增添了笙、扬琴等伴奏乐器,并正式命名“天津时调”。
After the founding of the People's Republic of China, famous artist Wang Yubao and stringed instrument player Qi Fengming began to reform Kaoshandiao, adjusting its aria and rhythm, and formally named it to Tianjin Shidiao.

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