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京剧大师张君秋 Zhang Junqiu

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张君秋,男,京剧 表演艺术家 ,四小名 之一,旦角张派创始人 。1920年生于北京,卒于1997年。
Zhang Junqiu,male, famous Peking Opera performer for female character, born in Beijing, 1920, deceased in 1997.

张君秋原名滕家鸣,小的时候家中贫寒 ,跟随母亲张秀琴在各地客串演出 ,后经李多奎介绍 ,14岁拜李凌枫为师,专攻青衣 。1935年,与雷喜福合作 ,在北京吉祥戏院首次登台,以优越的嗓音条件和娴熟的演唱技巧 赢得了观众的好评,以一出《女起解》唱红。
Zhang was originated named Teng Jiaming, literary name Yuying. He was born into a deprived family and begun acting as a small-time around Beijing in his childhood and studied after Li lingfeng at 14, focusing on acting Qingyi. In 1935, he made his debut with Lei Xifu in Ji Xiang Theatre, Beijing, and his extraordinary performance in Nue Qijie won him great popularity with his beautiful voice and professional skills.

张君秋后拜尚小云、梅兰芳为师。在上海一炮而红,与李世芳、毛世来、宋德珠一起,被誉为“四小名旦”。
Later, he became student of Xiang Xiaoyun and Mei Lanfang. Zhang became very famous in Shanghai overnight and was considered Young Four Famous Dan in the Opera circle.

张君秋的新唱腔 ,不离京剧风格,不落俗套,他的艺术 风格,在于自然率真。他创造的张派艺术影响深远,有“十旦九张”之说。
His acting and singing was new and natural, different from the former style but also faithful to Peking Opera. His innovation in opera exerts such an impact that most of female character performers in the later time followed his way.

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