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“金嗓鼓王”骆玉笙 Luo Yusheng

http://www.chinesecio.com 2010年09月03日 10:55 网络孔子学院

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1914年出生的骆玉笙艺名 小彩舞,她的童年十分悲惨,出生才6个月就被卖给骆家。养父骆采武是天津籍的江湖艺人 ,在上海滩以变戏法为生。当骆玉笙还是孩提 的时候,就跟着养父出入上海“大世界”游乐场。她从小喜爱京剧 ,4岁就能上台唱几句,9岁拜苏焕亭为师学唱京剧老生 ,14岁在南京登台清唱,17岁正式改唱京韵大鼓 。1934年拜鼓王刘宝全的弦师、“三弦圣手”韩永禄为师,学唱刘派大鼓曲目
Luo Yusheng, born in 1914, is a contemporary artist, whose stage name is Xiao Caiwu. She started to study under Su Huanting at the age of nine in order to play Laosheng(old man) roles in Peking Opera. At 14, she gave performances in singing without musical accompaniment in Nanjing. Then she formally switched to Jingyun Dagu at the age of 17. In 1934, Luo Yusheng studied the Liu School of Jingyun Dagu(storytelling in Beijing dialect while beating a drum, accompanied by two or three persons who play three-stringed instruments). Luo Yusheng is now in her 90s, but she still emcees Quyi TV programs and sometimes even stages a performance herself.

骆玉笙在几十年的艺术实践中,以“刘派”为基础,博采众家之长,充分运用和发挥她那甜美的嗓音,宽广的音域,逐渐形成了令观众喜爱的“骆派”京韵大鼓,蜚声 曲坛,被誉为“金嗓鼓王”。
During the several decades of her career as a Jingyun Dagu artist, Luo has absorbed the good points of the Bai School and the Junior Bai School, and incorporated them into her own style, which is based on that of the Liu School. She uses to the greatest advantages of her sweet voice and resonance, in particular her pleasant trill, as she performs fast notes one after the other, and achieves great success in a forceful and creaking voice, which rises to the highest pitch and deeply moves her audiences.

《红梅阁》是骆玉笙的代表作 ,她那哀婉曲折的唱腔 ,时而深沉,时而激越,动人心弦。除了《红梅阁》外,骆玉笙的代表作还有《剑阁闻铃》、《丑末寅初》、《伯牙摔琴》、《子期听琴》等曲目,几十年来让听众百听不厌 。1985年,电视剧《四世同堂》摄制组邀请骆玉笙为其录制片头曲《重整河山待后生》,一经播出,大获成功,从此骆玉笙的名字响彻华夏大地,此时,骆玉笙已经年过古稀。1993年第八届津门曲荟,骆玉笙以80高龄演唱《击鼓骂曹》,高难度的击鼓动作依然完成得堪称完美,成为一段佳话。
Luo Yusheng won the title of Queen of the Golden Voice, especially for her representative work, Hong Mei Ge. She sings in a deep tone, which, exciting and moving, expressing plaintive and profound sorrow, fills the minds of her audience. Her words run thus: "A fair girl that is deeply wronged. Her name is Li Huiniang, the ill-fated one who dies for her love." The first sentence is sung in a low tone, pleading pathetically. The strongly contrasted rhythm arouses the most sincere sympathy from the audience. The words are sung in a fast-moving tone that rises to the greatest height in flowing rhythm and then falls to a very low pitch. This became the greatest hit tune of the era. Besides Hong Mei Ge, her representative works include Hearing Bells Ringing at Jian Ge, Ziqi Listening to Playing of Musical Instrument, Beating Drum While Scolding Cao and Zheng Qi Ge.

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