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京韵大鼓 Jingyun Dagu

http://www.chinesecio.com 2010年08月13日 13:20 网络孔子学院

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京韵大鼓 ,由河北省沧州、河间一带流行的木板大鼓发展而来,逐步于清末形成,流行于京律两地。木板大鼓又名怯大鼓,以说唱中、长篇故事 为主,兼唱一些短段。木板大鼓传入天津、北京后,说唱 艺人刘宝全改以北京的语音声调来吐字发音,吸收石韵书、马头调和京剧的一些唱法,增添四胡、琵琶伴奏,创制新腔,专唱短篇曲目,称京韵大鼓。
Jingyun Dagu(a kind of drumbeat performance) lays stress on singing and concentrates on depicting short episodes. It came into being and was popular in Beijing and Tianjin at the end of the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911) and the beginning of the period of the Republic of China. It was initiated by Liu Baoquan, who told stories in the Beijing dialect, replacing Hebei regional pronunciations. He absorbed the vocal music of the Peking Opera and Beijing folk tunes, which he incorporated into his Jingyun Dagu, using the Sihu(a four-stringed instrument) and Pipa(lute) as accompaniment in addition to three-stringed lutes and wooden clappers.

与刘宝全并起的京韵名家 还有白云鹏和张筱轩。白云鹏青年时在农村演唱竹板书,后改学大鼓,1900年来北京金乐班演唱,以吐字清晰、行腔柔美、演唱风格朴素自然著称 。张筱轩自幼住北京南郊,早年表演时调小曲,后来拜朱德庆为师,改唱木板大鼓,演唱时虽然曲调比较纯朴,但京音纯正、咬字清晰、刚劲浑厚,具有一气呵成的特色。刘、白、张成为民国初年京韵大鼓最早期的三个流派
Jingyun Dagu is popular to this day in the Chinese capital. It is divided into three schools, headed by Liu Baoquan, Bai Yunpeng and Zhang Xiaoxuan, respectively. Liu attained the highest artistic achievement by earning the title King of Dagu. He has made the greatest contributions to Daguand won esteem as the leading artist in his field. In the wake of the emergence of the three schools, another appeared, known as the junior Bai School and headed by the brothers Bai Fengyan and Bai Fengming.

中华人民共和国成立后,京韵大鼓得到了长足的发展,大鼓艺人成了人民的演员 艺术家 ,除演唱流传下来的传统 曲目 外,还新编及创作了许多反映现实生活的新曲目。如《光荣的航行》、《珠峰红旗》、《急浪丹心》、《白妞说书》等。同时,还培养了一代又一代年轻演员。有成就 的如赵学义(白派)、杨凤杰(刘派)、刘春爱(骆派)、钟玉杰(刘派),他们已成为曲艺舞台 上深受广大观众欢迎的京韵大鼓演员。
After the founding of the People's Republic of China, Jingyun Dagumade greater strides in development. The singers were regarded as people's artists or actors. While they continued to sing and tell traditional stories, themes reflecting contemporary life emerged, such as Glorious Journey, Red Flag over Mount Everest, Patriotism and Roaring Waves, Han Ying Meets Her Motherand Bai Niu Tells a Story. A number of young artist were trained. Zhao Xueyi (Bai School), Yang Fengjie (Liu School), Liu Chun'ai (Luo School) and Zhong Yujie (Liu School) rank as successful young artists.

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