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无丑不成戏

http://www.chinesecio.com 2010年05月05日 08:59 网络孔子学院

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角虽然在戏曲 表演处于辅助 地位,起着烘托主角 的作用,但在中国戏曲发展史上却早于其它行当产生,“无丑不成戏”的谚语更是流传已久
Chou (clown) usually plays secondary roles in a troupe and serves as a foil to the leading character, but it predated other role categories. “No chou role, no play” has long been a popular saying.

丑又叫小花脸,因为丑角的脸部通常会使用一些色彩作为装饰,但这不同于 角的脸谱。小花脸主要是用白粉在鼻子周围勾画出白块,用来表示诡异或机智。
Chou characters wear special face paint, called xiaohualian, that differs from that of Jing characters. The defining characteristic of this type of face paint is a small patch of white chalk around the nose. This can represent either a mean and secretive nature or a quick wit.

有人认为丑行是专演坏人的,其实不然。丑行中有些是扮演阴险狡猾、贪鄙自私的角色,但更多的却是扮演机警、伶俐、幽默,甚至正直、善良的角色。在传统戏曲中,一般社会地位不高的人,大部分都由丑角来扮演。而从性格上来说,这些人多半都很滑稽、活泼,比较乐观。应当说,丑角塑造的人物多于 ,上至帝王将相、下至平民百姓,瘸聋瞎哑、男女老少、善恶忠奸都可以演,表演手段丰富活泼,言语诙谐,其滑稽调笑在戏中有点睛之妙,很讨观众的喜欢。
The chou role represents far more characters than sheng, dan and jing. Such characters can be all kinds of people, from emperors, princes and high-ranking officials to peddlers, servants and soldiers, and to scholars, farmers and traders. They can be old and young, male or female. They can be deaf, blind or lame. And they can be kind-hearted, evil, loyal or treacherous. Their humor and jokes are very much liked by the audience.

丑角分成文丑、武丑两大类。丑行虽不像生行那样红火,但演技 要求却很高,尤其是武丑,不仅唱功 要好,还要具备很高的滑稽表演和杂技表演能力。在丑行中,也出过许多名演员,其中,萧长华的表演最受人推崇。
The chou role category is divided into wen chou (gentle clowns) and wu chou (martial clowns). The Wu Chou is one of the most demanding in Beijing opera, because of its combination of comic acting, acrobatics, and a strong voice.

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